Tuesday, June 21, 2011

OPium addiction and its treatment

when addicted to heroin or opioids commonly obtained from  GUL_E_LALA plant or Papaver somniferum or disambiguation all are the names of same plant.
Use of this opium is associated with physical dependence and addiction most commonly seen with regular use.the most commonly observed effects with heroin addiction is  malnutrition, respiratory effects, low blood pressure.
when the drug intake is interrupted the addict feel very much irritated and he take drug to achieve the same euphoria that is observed with the drug usage.

The following effects are observed with prolong use of opioids are
  • slow breathing
  • dizziness
  • calmly skin
  • tiredness
  • pin point pupilOne of the most pressing challenges facing anyone enduring an opiate addiction is the strong physical dependence that invariably ensues with regular use, and the need to endure very uncomfortable and difficult detox. Opium treatment sometimes seeks to bypass the need for intensive detoxification through programs of opiate substitution and slow tapering of use, but these long term programs are widely criticized both for their efficacy, and for the long duration (years) of opium treatment that must ensue
    Opium withdrawal pains start only hours after the last dosage has taken, and gain in intensity for a couple of days before withdrawal symptoms gradually begin to subside. Some of the characteristic symptoms of an opium detoxification are 
  • nausea,
  •  extreme pain,
  •  irritability, 
  • depression, 
  • insomnia, 
  • vomiting  
  • diarrhea, among others. During professional opium treatment, detoxification pains can be managed through continual medical observation and care, and through the use of non narcotic pain relievers, anxiolytics and anti depressant medics
    Naloxone is most commonly used drug  for detoxification it is available mostly in injection form.

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